What Is Bharat Ratna?

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Honoring individuals for their exceptional contributions to society, culture, and the nation is a testament to a country’s values and aspirations. In India, the highest civilian honor bestowed upon individuals who have rendered distinguished service is the “Bharat Ratna.” This prestigious award is a reflection of the nation’s gratitude and respect for those who have gone above and beyond to enrich the fabric of Indian society. In this blog, we delve into the significance, history, and impact of the Bharat Ratna, understanding how it embodies the spirit of excellence and service.

What Is Bharat Ratna?

The Bharat Ratna is India’s highest civilian award, established to recognize exceptional service in various fields. Translated as “Jewel of India” in English, the award represents the nation’s appreciation for outstanding achievements that have left an indelible mark on the country’s progress.

Historical Context And Evolution:

The Bharat Ratna was instituted on January 2, 1954, by the President of India. It was originally intended to honor exceptional service in the fields of art, literature, science, and public services. The scope was later expanded to include any field of human endeavor. The award’s evolution reflects the recognition of excellence across a wide spectrum of contributions.

Criteria And Selection Process:

  • Exceptional Service: The Bharat Ratna is awarded for exceptional service in any field that has made a significant impact on society.
  • Service of the Highest Order: The service should be of the highest order and should consistently contribute to the betterment of the nation and its people.
  • Non-Discrimination: The award is non-discriminatory and can be conferred upon individuals of any nationality, caste, creed, or gender.
  • Recommendations: The Prime Minister of India can recommend names to the President for the award. However, the final decision lies with the President.

Prominent Awardees:

  • Dr. B.R. Ambedkar: An architect of the Indian Constitution and a champion of social justice.
  • Mother Teresa: A symbol of compassion and selfless service to the needy and downtrodden.
  • Sachin Tendulkar: The legendary cricketer who has inspired generations with his dedication to the sport.
  • Lata Mangeshkar: The iconic playback singer who has contributed immensely to Indian music.

Impact And Recognition:

The Bharat Ratna is more than just an award; it serves as an inspiration for individuals to strive for excellence and serve society selflessly. Awardees become role models for future generations, embodying the qualities of dedication, innovation, and service that the award represents.


The Bharat Ratna is a beacon of honor that shines a light on the exceptional individuals who have left an indelible mark on India’s journey of progress and transformation. By recognizing excellence in diverse fields, the award underscores the country’s commitment to celebrating the very best of human endeavor and encouraging the pursuit of excellence for the greater good. In the rich tapestry of India’s cultural and historical legacy, the Bharat Ratna stands as a radiant gem, symbolizing the nation’s deep respect for those who have enriched its identity and spirit.


What Is The Purpose Of Bharat Ratna?

‘Bharat Ratna’, the highest civilian Award of the country, was instituted in the year 1954. Any person without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex is eligible for these awards. It is awarded in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order in any field of human endeavour.

Who Got 1st Bharat Ratna Award?

First Bharat Ratna was awarded to Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan, Sir C.V. Raman, and Chakravarti Rajagopalachari in 1954. Sachin Tendulkar is the first sportsperson and the youngest Bharat Ratna Award, recipient.

What Is Bharat Ratna Made Of?

Ans- It was initially made of a gold circle having a 35 mm diameter sunburst design located at the centre. “Bharat Ratna” was inscribed in silver in the Devanagari script. The national motto and the State Emblem in platinum are located in the centre.

How Many Bharat Ratna Winners?

It is awarded by the President of India. Till now, 48 eminent persons have been awarded Bharat Ratna Award. It is also presented to people posthumously and as of now, 14 eminent persons have been awarded posthumously.

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